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J Health Info Stat > Volume 40(3); 2015 > Article
J Health Info Stat 2015;40(3):117-129.
일 종합병원 외래환자와 보호자의 사전의료의향서에 대한 지식, 인식 및 태도
이선화 , 이규은
Original Article : Knowledge, Awareness and Attitude toward Advance Directives in Hospital Outpatients and Caregivers
Seon Hwa Lee , Kyu Eun Lee
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The purpose of this study was to identify knowledge, awareness and attitudes toward ADs in hospital patients and caregivers.
Methods:
The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sample. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaires with 263 hospital patients and caregivers in a general hospital located in the I city. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, -test, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test and Scheffe test with SPSS 21.0 program.
Results:
The average of total score for the knowledge toward ADs is 6.85 (range 1~9). The majority of participant preferred that they themselves would be the primary decision maker. Most of them were unaware of the option of ADs but supported the utilization of ADs. There were significant differences knowledge in ADs by education level. There were significant differences awareness in ADs by age, education level, religion, marital status, with or without of children.
Conclusions:
It is suggested that nurses make efforts to educate the general public about ADs and facilitate advance care planning which focuses on the process of communication on end-of-life preferences within the social network of relationships.
Key words: Advance directives, Awareness, Attitude, Outpatient, Caregiver
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