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J Health Info Stat > Volume 49(2); 2024 > Article
J Health Info Stat 2024;49(2):142-152.
Published online: May 31, 2024.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21032/jhis.2024.49.2.142

혈액투석 환자의 COVID-19 감염예방행위 의도 영향 요인
함수인1, 이규은2
1강릉아산병원 간호사
2가톨릭관동대학교 간호학과 교수
Factors Influencing the Intention of COVID-19 Infection Preventive Behaviors Among Hemodialysis Patients in Korea: A Cross-sectional Study
Su In Ham1, Kyu Eun Lee2
1Nurse, Gangneung Asan Hospital, Gangneung, Korea
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Catholic Kwandong University, Gangneung, Korea
Corresponding author:  Kyu Eun Lee,Tel: +82-33-649-7617, Email: lke@cku.ac.kr
Received: March 6, 2024; Revised: May 1, 2024   Accepted: May 31, 2024.
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the intention of COVID-19 infection preventive behaviors among patients undergoing hemodialysis by applying the theory of planned behavior.
Methods:
The study included 209 patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis at five hospitals in Gangwon-do, Korea. Data were collected from December 28, 2021 to January 15, 2022. The analysis involved percentage, mean and standard deviation, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression using SPSS 22.0.
Results:
Significant correlations were observed between attitude toward COVID-19 preventive behavior, subjective norms regarding COVID-19 preventive behavior, perceived behavior control of COVID-19 preventive behavior, restricted dietary control, COVID-19 knowledge, self-efficacy in COVID-19 preventive behavior, and intention of COVID-19 infection preventive behavior. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that subjective norms regarding COVID-19 preventive behavior (β = 0.49, p < 0.001) and perceived behavior control of COVID-19 preventive behavior (β = 0.26, p < 0.001) significantly influenced the intention of COVID-19 infection preventive behavior among hemodialysis patients. The model accounted for 54.8% of the variance (F = 43.02, p < 0.001).
Conclusions:
Identifying relevant factors associated with COVID-19 preventive behaviors among vulnerable hemodialysis patients is crucial for providing adequate care by healthcare professionals. Proactive measures are necessary to prevent and manage the infection in this patient population.
Key words: Hemodialysis, Intention, Infection, Theory of planned behavior, Prevention
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